The List of Infectious Diseases

In this modern world full of technological advancements another thing which is developing very rapidly and has reached its peak is the spread of infectious diseases.

infectious-diseaseA person suffering from infectious diseases usually experiences loss of diet or appetite combined with decreasing energy levels. These are some of the usual and minor symptoms but people have a tendency to ignore these early signs which can turn to be really bothersome after some time. The above mentioned symptoms and signs are common to every type of infectious diseases but there are some specific symptoms associated with some specific types of infectious diseases. The various types of infectious diseases and its associated symptoms are listed below.

1) Pneumonia: Pneumonia in general terms means infection of the lungs. The typical symptom associated with this infection is the inflammation of lungs. This inflammation of lungs is mainly caused by the bacteria or virus action. Chest pain and breathing problems are some of the main symptoms of this disease. Chest X-rays and blood tests can help to diagnose the presence of this disease. In some cases a common cold can also lead to pneumonia.

2) Hepatitis: Hepatitis is a viral infection which leads to inflated liver. The disease can cause skin discoloration and may even lead to dark urine in some cases. An early treatment in such cases is extremely necessary. This is because an untreated hepatitis can lead to serious irreversible problems in the lungs.

3) Oral Thrush: Oral Thrush has been categorized as an infection caused by fungi. This disease is caused when there is an excessive growth of fungus inside the mouths lining. This overgrown fungus leads to an uncomfortable sensation inside the mouth. This sensation is caused because of the development of white lesions on the tongue. In some rare cases the wounds can also be seen on the tonsils and the gums. This disease is diagnosed mostly in infants.

4) Tuberculosis (TB): Frequent coughing lasting for long time spans is a major symptom of this disease. It is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria. Its symptoms usually come to light when the disease reaches its advanced and final stage. It can affect anyone irrespective of age as it is an airborne disease. As the disease advances the cough can lead to production of blood.

5) Dengue Fever: Dengue fever is an infection caused by virus. The virus is injected into our body through mosquito bites. The infection leads to a rapid increase in body temperature and may also cause red rashes on the whole body.

6) Malaria: Malaria has been categorized as a parasitic infection. The parasite is injected into our body through mosquito bites. Excessive sweating and high fever are some of the typical symptoms associated with this disease.

7) Cholera: Cholera is classified as a bacterial infection which leads to problems in the intestines. In this disease the bacterium lives inside the intestine and releases a toxin. Cholera is mainly caused by consumption of unhygienic food and contaminated water.