What Exactly Is Metabolic Disorder?

As we’re aware that metabolism is a process of breaking the food into small components. These components act as a various source of energy. The body either uses these components for the daily activities or stores them for the future use. But, in some cases, there is disrupts caused by the abnormal chemical reaction in the body. This is known as metabolic disorder.
metabolic disorderNormally, the metabolism breaks down the food into simpler components like sugar, carbohydrates, fats and other. In people suffering from the disorder, the basic action of metabolism is disturbed. In some cases, the disorder could be inherited and in some, they are being acquired by the age. Those who suffer with it get too much of one substance or too little of another resulting in health.

Also, one can develop the disorder in certain organs as in liver or pancreas. One such example of metabolic disorder is diabetes.


Along with causing trouble in breaking down the food into smaller or simpler complex, this could show its intense symptoms from person to person. Following are some of the common signs:

Inherited Disorder:

  • 1)    Problem in gaining weight
  • 2)    Muscle weakness
  • 3)    Poor appetite
  • 4)    Vomiting
  • 5)    Weight loss
  • 6)    Developmental delay
  • 7)    Lethargy
  • 8)    Abdominal pain
  • 9)    Jaundice
  • 10)    Coma
  • 11)    Abnormal odor in urine
  • 12)    Frequent infections
  • 13)    Loss or change in vision
  • 14)    Bone abnormalities
  • 15)    Muscle twitching
  • 16)    Paralysis
  • 17)    Difficulty with memory, comprehension, talking, thinking, writing and reading
  • 18)    Enlarged liver, heart kidney or spleen

Acquired Disorder:

  • 1)    Headache,
  • 2)    Fatigue
  • 3)    Shortness of breathe
  • 4)    Rapid breathe
  • 5)    Nausea, with or without vomiting
  • 6)    Muscle cramping
  • 7)    Irritability and mood change
  • 8)    Chronic or persistent diarrhea


The basic reason behind this order is the disrupted metabolism functions. It is divided into two types; inherited or acquired. Following are the causes accordingly.

Inherited Disorder:

There are various examples which explain the inherited disorder. It can be classified on the basis of the food type that gets blocked such as carbohydrates or fatty acids. This disorder includes:

  • 1)    Amino acid disorder (Tay-Sachs disease, phenylketonuria, tyrosinemia, maple syrup urine disease, and homocystinuria)
  • 2)    Carbohydrate disorder (diabetes insipidus, hereditary fructose intolerance, galactosemia, pyruvate metabolic disorders, von Gierke’s disease, McArdle disease, Pompe’s disease, and Forbes’ disease)
  • 3)    Fatty acid oxidation disorder (Gaucher’s disease, Niemann-Pick disease, Fabry’s disease, and medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency)

Acquired Disorder:

Apart from inherited disorder, one can also develop it in the course of time. The following could be the possible causes for it:

  • 1)    Alcohol
  • 2)    Diabetes
  • 3)    Gout
  • 4)    Kidney failure
  • 5)    Pneumonia
  • 6)    Diuretic abuse
  • 7)    Sepsis

It is important for every human to have a well functioning metabolism. The disorder could lead to various troubles in life. It is important that you see your consultant sooner in case you are showing any of the symptoms.